A cataract is when the lens in the eye gets cloudy and affects vision. Cataracts are very common, and most are related to aging, it can occur in one or both of the eyes but cannot spread from one eye to another. The lens in the eye is usually clear and helps focus light as it enters the eye. This lens ideally is clear to get a focused image on the retina, however with cataracts, the lens is cloudy and projects a blurred image on the retina.
Most cataracts are due to aging however, other factors can influence cataracts like: diabetes, glaucoma, trauma, radiation, smoking, UV light. Also some children are born with cataracts or develop them very young, usually these do not affect vision, but if they do would need to be removed to prevent amblyopia.
Cataracts are detected through a comprehensive eye exam. Dr. Folwarsk and Hayes will test your visual acuity, use a slit lamp to exam your eyes, perform a dilated eye exam, and measure the pressure in your eyes (No puff, no contact at Wildwood Vision Specialists).
When the vision decreases due to the cataract that it affects your everyday activities or causes glares and halos, it might be time to get the cataracts removed. Drs. Hayes and Folwarski would refer you to trusted ophthalmologist who will remove the cloudy lens and replace the lens with a clear lens. The surgery is out-patient, less than 15 minute surgery, done one eye at a time.
Drs. Hayes and Folwarski at Wildwood Vision Specialists understand that cataracts and cataract surgery is an important issue for you. They are willing to take the time to answer all your questions and concerns.
For even more information on cataracts check out AllAboutVision.com